Photo by Spigoo (Flickr)
The Pergamon Museum houses reconstructed antique monuments such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus and the Ishtar Gate - entire walls and facades transported from the original excavation sites sometime in Europe's imperial history.
The Pergamon is subdivided into antiquities, Middle East and Islamic art collections. It is has around 850,000 visitors every year, making it the most visited art museum in Germany. Most major international archeological exhibitions find their way here one way or another.
At the end of World War II, the museum was severely damaged during an air attack. Many of the display objects had already been removed and stored in safe places, and some of the large pieces were walled in for protection, but in 1945, the Red Army collected all the outstanding items. Many were returned to East Germany in 1958, but significant parts of the collection remain in Russia.